Ancient European painters in familiar and at the same time eager to tempera painting techniques, gradually found its flaws and shortcomings, such as: the integration between the color of the halo is difficult to pick colors and soft enough pride, several small cable too laborious , and in wet weather conditions easy to mold and low collision resistant capability. In view of this, the painter who invented a way to use lacquer coating to protect the screen. And then it was done in tempera cover the bottom of the screen multilayer transparent color dye, called glazing after surgery or enamel staining, which will form a hybrid technique, nor a non-tempera painting painting techniques. Leonardo da Vinci's "Jack Vettriano Yesterday" is oil tempera painting. Leonardo oily pigment conducted several studies to use, but the technology is not mature enough, resulting in many of the works did not survive.
Simply do oil painting media agent, in the Byzantine era it was tested. According to records, this painting placed under the hot sun for several months is still not dry. 1200, Lu Franciscan monk Theo Phil Ross wrote a paper about the painting "Jack Vettriano Prints", in this paper, he introduced the use of linseed oil and the Arab resin. Similar paintings of the late 13th century painting had appeared in the British Isles. 14 century, the Netherlands in two painters Van Eyck brothers (Young Van Eyck and his brother Hubert van Eyck) to find an easy way to paint with oil paint melts, creating a pure painting.
Although art historians can not conclude that the brothers Van Eyck is the inventor of painting, but at least they found an ideal medium of painting with oil-based formulations on the basis of previous experiments. Many experts believe that their greatest achievement is the inclusion of natural resin in fat, so that the line of smooth, quick-drying media agent. Young Van Eyck's "Arnault Finney's wedding," a painting, and his most famous work, "Ghent Altarpiece" (now in the possession of the holy city of Ghent, Belgium Ba von church, consisting of 23 paintings. ) is considered the most important works in the history of European painting. Oil, technology Van Eyck brothers invention, is said to be mixed with a "white varnish Bruges" and linseed oil paint together with them to reconcile his painting had used tempera paint and found good results . (Some researchers believe that "white varnish Bruges" is a distillation of turpentine, and now we are still using oil paint diluted with turpentine.) Italian first studied painting techniques and master painter Anton Nailuo da Messina (Antonueuo De Messina 1430-1479) is said to go to the Netherlands after the Van Eyck brothers learned painting techniques, returned to Venice to teach the use of oil paint, oil painting since then as an independent kind of painting became popular in continental Europe. For centuries, generations of artists through inheritance and creation, painting the further development and improvement.